Tabacco Barn – a curing method using firewood in Lobule – Koboko District (Photo Credit: Barnabas Samuel)
PAMANA: Cross-Border HDP Triple Nexus Project in South Sudan and Uganda
Conflict in South Sudan has resulted into people crossing over the border into Uganda. The situation in the Kivu Region of Eastern DRC as in South Sudan remains unstable. With this uncertainty over the last decade, there are a lot of cross-border movements and internal displacements, causing great suffering to communities, and increased humanitarian needs.
Today, over 1.4 million refugees live in Uganda, making it the third largest refugee-hosting nation in the world. South Sudanese make up the largest refugee population (882.058 people), followed by refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (418.369), Burundi (48.404) and Somalia (40.826). West Nile hosts 54% of the total refugee population in Uganda, concentrated in the districts of Adjumani, Arua, Koboko, Obongi, and Yumbe, where a total of 2.121.000 Ugandans live alongside 765.894 refugees or 36% of the local population. Both the refugees and host communities live in abject poverty and vulnerabilities in integrated settlements.
In South Sudan, over 4.5 million people have been uprooted from their homes, including 1.84 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), 2.5 million persons seeking refuge in the neighboring countries of Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Sudan; and over 202’000 seeking protection in UN bases in the country.
The volume of refugees in Uganda and IDPs/Returnee communities in South Sudan has caused a significant increase of conflict over and pressure on natural resources in both South Sudan and Uganda. Livelihoods and food security of host and refugee, IDP and returnee communities in South Sudan’s Central Equatoria State (CES) and Uganda’s West Nile (WN) sub-region mostly depend on Natural Resource, as most households are small-scale producers.
Overexploitation of Natural Resource have been exacerbating inequalities and risks for certain population groups and individuals increasing tensions within and amongst communities. Conflicts related to the access to and control over Natural Resources are some of the most prominent factors negatively impacting people’s ability to meet their immediate needs and pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities, especially among vulnerable host, refugee and IDP communities.
The Community Development Centre- CDC is implementing the 3-year Consortium Project – Building Peace Through Sustainable Access to and Management of Natural Resources in West Nile and Central Equatoria (PAMANA) – with Caritas Switzerland as lead, Agency for Accelerated Regional Development (AFARD), and Organic Farming Advisory Organization (OFAO), with technical advice from Swiss-Peace and BOMA Project in Yumbe and Koboko districts, West Nile, Uganda and in Yei and Lainya Counties, Central Equatoria, South Sudan.
Following a Human Development Peace (HDP) nexus approach, this project aims to significantly reduce conflict over and pressure on Natural Resources in Central Equatoria State and West Nile Region through building local capacities for supporting the most vulnerable groups amongst the host, refugee and IDP communities (with a special focus on women), meeting their immediate needs and securing sustainable livelihoods in ways that promote peace, stability and gender-equality.